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Tripura, the land of History and Legends

Garia Dance or Goria Mwsamung

Garia is the biggest festival of Tripuri people. Lord Garia is nothing but Lord Siva, the creator of this universe and all the life form of this world. All the dance form of Indian culture is said to have derived from the Tandava Nritya of Nataraj or Lord Siva's dance form. Similarly all the dance of Tripuri people has derived from Goria form of dance. This dance has some 108 mudras in original as stated by famous dance exponent of Tripura Smt. Padmini Chakrabarty. But now most of them are not known to Tripuri people, many of them has been forgotten, buried by the rubble of history. The dance starts from the first day of Goria puja, in the afternoon. Boys and girls young adult form a group in each village, go around dancing from house to house till all the houses are covered. When they finish their village, they also visit near by villages, and the process continues for seven days, till the last day of puja. They generally carry a symbol of Lord Garia deity; place it in the middle of court yard of house, than circle around the deity in anti clock wise. Some time light slang lyrics are used, but now a day the most of the lyrics are all devotional.

Music Instrument used are:
Kham or a traditional Indian dholak, Sumui or flute, Sarinda or Violin etc. Kham has a very important role in Goria dance,  and in no dance of Tripuri kham plays so important roe than in Goria. The beat of kham is so rhythmic & appealing that makes one to tap their foot and involuntarily compels one to dance.

Some of Mudra or Steps of Goria dance:

  1. Luku kobokmani: Invitation.
  2. Khulumani: Indian Salutation movement.
  3. Nokfarmani: Sweeping of house.
  4. Khum kholmai: Plucking of flowers.
  5. Chokha bai khul lubmani: Making of thread by spinning wheel.
  6. Tapang Muiya faihmani: Breaking of Bamboo shoot.
  7. Mai sarmani: Spreading of Paddy seeds.
  8. Maikaimani: Sowing of paddy seen in Jhum.
  9. Tukumani: Bathing movement.
  10. Yakung bai Mainakmani: Separation of paddy by foot.
  11. Rwsambo mai sukmani: Husking of paddy.
  12. Hor sohmani: Fire making.
  13. Yafabumani: Clapping of hands movement.
  14. Mwkhra rwkmani: Chasing the monkey.
  15. Tok tanlai mani: Cook fighting.
  16. Toksa ada tukmani: Birds feeding movement.
  17. Tok Mai sukmani: Hen eating of corn.
  18. Topsi bahrmani: Jumping like parakeet
  19. Tok birmani: Birds flying.
  20. Abisani Khichumu suhmani: Washing of Baby's nappy.
  21. Tok khitung Jangirimani: Shaking of hen's tail.
  22. Harung maikisilmani: Wavy view of paddy field.
  23. Tokma yaching malmani: Shaking of hen's leg.
  24. Mayung hadul  nakmani: elephant dusting.
  25. Sikambuk kholmani: Collection of snail movement.

 Some of the rhythm mentioned here are just a tip of ice berg:

  1. Khulum-lan (salutaion): gaan ki ghaghan ghichan gaan / chan gaan ghichan ghichan / ghichan chugaan ghichan gaan/chan gaan gaan ghichan ghichan.
  2. Goriano khulum mani: Salutation to Garia: ghin ghini chan chan/ghighini ghichan chan/ghichan chan ghichan chan/ghighini ghichan chan/ chugan gaan chuga gaan/chugan chugan chugan gaan.
  3. Khum kholmai tai kanmani: Plucking of Flowers and weraing of flowers: ghin ghini chon chon/ghighini ghican chong/ghighini chong chong/ghighini ghichong chong/ghighini chong chong.
  4. Maikaimani: Sowing of paddy seed: ghitki chugan, ghitki chugan/ghitki chugan ghitki chugan/ghitkichugan chugan gaan.
  5. Maisarmani: Spreading of paddy seed./ghini ghini ghing/ghini ghini ghing/ghini ghini ghing/ghini ghini ghini ghing/ ghichan chong.
  6. Mwkhara rwkmani: chasing monkey: /ghini ghini ghing/ghini ghini ghing/ghini ghini ghini ghing/ ghichan chong.
  7. Mainakmani: Separation of padddy:/chuger kit chuger kit /chugan gaan chugan gaan.
  8. Khichumu suhmani: washing of baby nappy:/ chuger kit chuger kit /chugan gaan chugan gaan.
  9. Tukumani: bathing:/chuger kit chuger kit /chugan gaan chugan gaan.
  10. Khunju kok samani: whispering: /chuger kit chuger kit /chugan gaan chugan gaan.
  11. Yafa bumani: Clapping:/chuger kit chuger kit /chugan gaan chugan gaan.
  12. Msandwi khitung bupramani: Porcine's tail shaking: gigin ghin ghichan chong/gigin ghin ghichan chong/ chugan gaan chugan gaan/chugan gagan chcugan gaan.
  13. Tokma mai chamani (Hen corn eating): Gaani gaani ghaan chan chan/ chugan gaagaan chan chan.
  14. Tokma khitung jangrimani (hen's tail fluttering): Gaani gaani gaan gaani chan chan/ (khasan chugan chugan ghaan).
  15. Tokbirmani: Birds flying  away: gigin gigin gigiin gigin/ ghin ghina chong chong chong/ghin ghina chong chong chong/ghinghina chong.
  16. Harung mai kisilmani: (wavy view of paddy field): Gigir gir gigir gir/gigir ghichan chan/ gaagne ghaan gaagni ghaan/ gaagane ghichan chan /(chuga gaane gaan gaani gaani gaan gaan ki ghichan chan).
  17. Tokma yaching malmani: (leg shaking of hen): Chakne ghaagan ghaagan ghaagan chan chan /gaani chan chan chan ki chugane/chain gaani gan chugan ghaan.
  18. Mayung hadul nakmani: (elephant plying with dust): Gaani chane gaan ghichan ghichan ghichan/gaagan ghaan gaani chaan chaan/ chugan ghichan gaagan gaan/ gaani chan gaan ghichan.

Lyrics of Goria Dance:

  1. Chana hinwi bo faiya, nwngna hinwi bo faiya

Chini didale kha kwlai hinba bono nainase faiyu.

Balore balo balo

  1. Masuwa ranga twiyo kwlaibo abar manyasa thangya

Goria raja beraina faiyo rangkhok manyasa thangya

Sikla hinwi karat a thwngdi bohogo bwsa gwngn

Balore balo balo.

  1. O babyui o baba yui,

       baba Goria rajayui o baba yui

       babyui babayui baba Goria rajayui (2)

       Gumti ni twibai nini yakung suhjanw

       O babayui baba Goria rajayui.

       Dhoon tubudi, jon tubudi, o babayui o babayui

      Maibar tubudi khulbar tubudi of babui o baba yui.

  1. Cherai-nokhla kwchar mayung khungrang

Bisingo bwsa gwnang

Uo parani siklirokle bohogo bwsa gwnang (2)

Balore balo balo.

  1. Goria wasok kongmabai, topsimade bafai bai balore balo balo.

Chini parani silki rokle boono nainase faiyo, balore balo balo.

Akta bokhor lupe, topsi bokhor lupe,

chini kamini siklirokni khaju khum lupe lupe.

Bari kaimani moso thaima thai rocho rocho

Chini parani sikli rokni khajuthai borso borso.

Balore balo balo.

  1. Chan hinwi bo faiya, nwngna hinwibo faiya

Uko didale maya gwnang fu bono nainase faio.

Duksober duksober karia rojong ber.

Chini kamini siklli rokni khajuo khum ber ber.

  1. Toksa kermani maipok, gati khamini chapok

Bwsa masani buma wngwi bo sikla maya tapok.

  1. aichugo pungnai kungkila bwsa, wahanok pungnai waksa

mkolbai nugwi tong manlia motom suwanw kisa.

  1. Twini sikambuk kolok bai kiting jabra bising bising

Bachwi kotorni kicha nukmanle tongtwtwi khaching khaching.

Balore balo balo etc.